How much water does the facility produce?
The facility has eleven raw water wells with a capacity of 2 million gallons per day each.
Where does the water come from?
The Vicksburg Water Treatment Plant uses ground water for its raw water source. What is ground water, you might ask? It's the water that lies beneath the earth's surface that is stored in aquifers. Aquifers are underground rock formations, caverns and beds of sand and gravel. Water is pumped out of them by wells. These aquifers are the source for many public water utilities and private wells. In fact, nearly half of our nation's drinking water comes from ground water. Protecting groundwater is everyone's business. It's the only way to ensure clean, plentiful groundwater---a key to our health and way of life!
How are ground water supplies replenished?
Ground water is part of the water (hydrologic) cycle--nature's system for renewing water supplies. This includes: Condensation, where water vapor cools and turns into tiny water droplets. These attach to one another and form clouds. Evaporation, which occurs when the suns heats surface water which changes to water vapor and rises into the air. Precipitation, which occurs when the clouds get too heavy, the water falls back to the earth as rain, snow, sleet or hail. Infiltration is the term for water that sinks into the ground and is stored in aquifers. And finally, surface runoff, which is the term applied to water that can enter the earth as it runs across the earth into lakes, rivers, reservoirs, etc. All these natural cycles contribute to the level of useable water in an aquifer. So, you can see that rainfall deficits and the rise and fall of natural or manmade surface water sources can greatly determine the amount of water available for treatment plants that use ground water for their raw water source. We can't control these natural changes, but we can make a difference by practicing water conservation.
How can I make a difference?
You can make a difference at home and in your community in two important ways.
· By repairing all household leaks
· Use water-saving shower heads, faucets, toilets and appliances.
· Wash only full loads of clothes or dishes.
· Turn off the water while brushing teeth or shaving.
· Take shorter showers.
· Limit use of household and garden chemicals.
· Never pour chemicals or paint down the sink or storm drain, or on the ground.
· Bring all hazardous wastes (such as motor oil) to a hazardous waste collection center.
Help keep ground water pure and flowing. Work with neighbors and local officials to:
· Learn about groundwater in your area. Learn where your ground water comes to the surface (discharge areas) and where your aquifer refills (recharge areas).
· Identify possible hazards to your ground water supply and develop plans to protect sensitive lands, such as discharge and recharge areas. Get involved with community programs for safe disposal of hazardous waste.
For more information about protecting your water supply and sources contact:
· your water utility at 601-634-4542 or 601-636-2037.
· your local or state water department. (Warren County Board of Health office or The Mississippi State Department of Health, Division of Water Supply.
· the Environmental Protection Agency Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791.
Join the effort to ensure a reliable water supply for years to come!
How do communities pay for clean water?Communities have the following options for meeting clean water costs:
User fees: Utility Bills- A direct charge to consumers based on the amount of water used.
Assessments- Other fees, such as charges to connect new homes or businesses to the system.
Property taxes provide operating funds by taxing all properties.
State taxes and low interest loans from state revolving loans funds as well as grants, help finance the construction of new, or the upgrade of existing facilities.
How do I calculate my water bill?
Your water bill is based on the amount of water you use per month. The Vicksburg Water and Gas Administration handles all billing procedures. You can visit their page to see rate charts and samples of how to calculate a bill.